Steel Industry Profile

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  • The U.S. steel industry operates more than 95 steelmaking and production facilities, producing 87 million tons in steel shipments in 2015.
  • The steel industry directly employs around 140,000 people in the United States, and it directly or indirectly supports almost one million U.S. jobs.
  • Labor productivity has seen a five-fold increase since the early 1980s, going from an average of 10.1 man-hours per finished ton to an average of 1.9 man-hours per finished ton of steel in 2015.

  • Steel is the most recycled material in the world – more than aluminum, copper, paper, glass and plastic combined. In North America alone, more than 60 million tons of steel are recycled or exported for recycling each year.
  • Today, 97 percent of steel by-products can be re-used and the recycling rate for steel itself is 86 percent.
  • Through recycling, the steel industry saves the energy needed to power 20 million homes for one year.
  • Advanced high-strength steel is the only material that reduces greenhouse gas emissions in all phases of an automobile’s life: manufacturing, driving and end-of-life.
  • Since 1990, the industry has reduced energy intensity by 31 percent and CO2 emissions by 36 percent per ton of steel shipped.
  • The North American steel industry is committed to the highest safety and health standards. Since 2005, U.S. steel producers have achieved a reduction of 70 percent in both the total OSHA recordable injury and illness and lost workday case rates.